Previously, he served as president of PEN Romania and was the national editor of the Romanian section of the Poetry International
He has published nine books of poems, two volumes of a diary, two children’s novellas, an anthology of his articles on society and politics, and the novel Transparența. His poetry has been translated into twenty languages and published in anthologies, magazines, and collections. He has been awarded several national and international prizes for his literary work. His scholarly publications include two book-length essays on Mihai Eminescu and Mircea Ivănescu, as well as a book on the anti-humanist poetics of modernity. He has edited several anthologies of modern and contemporary Romanian poetry, some in collaboration with Mircea Ivănescu, Claudiu Komartin, or Marius Chivu.
He has translated novels and poetry, mainly from the works of John Berryman and W. B. Yeats, and is the translator of the ongoing four-volume Ezra Pound edition edited by H.-R. Patapievici.